Sculpture is the art of forming objects from materials that resemble a person, object or ideal. Different materials can be used such as wood or stone and traditionally clay.Sculpture throughout History
Throughout history sculpture has provided an influential role in representing influential figures and monarchs. During the nineteenth century, European sculptors received the same social status as poets and literary figures and were viewed in high regard. It was common place for Rome's Caesars to have commemorative busts depicting the leader in ceremonial robes and wreaths. Another popular arrangement was equestrian sculpture which would depict a leader or political figure on horseback. These thought provoking images proved popular and became renowned for leaving a powerful impression in the viewers mind.
In the Far East sculptures were often inspired by religion. Throughout Asia a lot of sculptors were influenced by Buddhism. Thailand in particular has many highly decorative sculptures dedicated to the life and teachings of the Buddha.
Sculpture in ancient India was also heavily inspired by Buddhism and Hinduism too. Sculptors from what is now known as Afghanistan often made sculptures depicting specific parables and teachings. Sculptors also drew inspiration from other cultures including Greek and Persian artists.Ice Sculpture
Throughout art history people have used a wide variety of materials to create sculptures. However more recently traditional materials such as wood and clay have been pushed aside in favour of unorthodox materials including balloons, chocolate and even butter!
Ice sculpting has been practiced for some time in many of the colder corners of the globe. Ice sculpting has been used for many different purposes large and small scale. People sculpt ice blocks to construct ice hotels as well as making large ceremonial pieces for prestigious events such as the winter Olympics. Ice sculpture has recently become in high demand for special occasions such as weddings and awards ceremonies. Ice sculptures are frequently used as centrepieces for tables and decorations. Dry ice can be used to preserve sculptures at room temperature.
As news of ice sculpting has reached across the world more regular and annual competitions are being staged. In China the International Ice and Snow Sculpture Festival is held each year in the city of Harbin. The participant's entries are becoming more impressive each year in the perfect natural environment for ice sculpture. Alaska has hosted The Annual World Ice Art Championships since 1989. The event is split into different categories and has proven extremely popular.